Federal Ministry of Communication Technology
register login


Water is life. Adequate supply of water is central to life and civilization. Of the five basic human needs (water, food, health, education, peace) water is a common factor to the other four. Food production as well as most of societies’ other socio-economic activities depends on availability of water. Furthermore, the efficiency of food production is currently measured on the basis of a unit increase in the volume of production per unit volume of water. Water has been a very important factor in settlement development in the country where it usually serves as human settlement boundaries.

Nigeria is considered to be abundantly blessed with water resources. However, there is temporal and spatial variation in water availability, the north with low precipitation of only about 500mm in the northeastern corner, and the south with precipitation of over 4,000mm in the southeast. This high variability of rainfall in time and space is a significant characteristic of the tropical climatic belt, especially the Sahelian part of the country, in which the country is located and this needs to be factored into water resources management in the country. The Nigerian Sahelian belt is at the southern border of the Sahara desert and it is here that the country faces the challenges of high variability in precipitation which has been manifested in the form of persistent drought in the past three decades with its attendant impact on reduction in the extent of wetlands in the Hadejia- Nguru area and the almost complete loss of the Lake Chad.

The country is drained mainly by the River Niger and its main tributary, the River Benue and their numerous minor tributaries as well as by the Lake Chad basin and the rivers that discharge into it. There are several other perennial rivers, e.g. Gongola, Hadejia-Jama’are, Kaduna, Cross River, Sokoto, Ogun, Osun, and Imo. Total surface runoff is large. Annual runoff at the Lokoja gauging station on River Niger has been recorded as up to 165.80 billion cubic meters. Volume of available groundwater is also considerable in large sedimentary basins (the Sokoto and the Chad basins) which lie along the country’s international boundaries.

Last Modified

Aug 14, 2019

About DataSet

Last Modified

Aug 14, 2019

Created Date

May 15, 2019

Total Views



Ministry of Health
Data Topic
Tag: Health,Water,Water Policy
Other Information
Email Address:

Downloads (Click on each document to download)